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Nursing

INTRODUCTION :

The nursing profession, comprising of nurses and nursing assistants constitutes the largest working group in the health care sector. Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations.

In a hospital from the general ward to the operating theater, nursing forms an integral part. This is one of the few domains of work that is almost totally dominated by women.

Nursing duties are manifold and cover a wide range of functions and responsibilities, that depends with the level of qualification and the working environment. At the initial level, nurses are required for the bedside care of patients, while at senior level they are required to manage special group of people like psychiatric, pediatric, intensive care patients etc which require specialised skills. They are also involved in dispensing medication, keeping records of the patients progress, setting up and operating medical equipment, administration and several other routine chores.

This field is both mentally and physically demanding and nurses are often exposed to health risks from infectious diseases. As such this profession demands long hours of work and duties which incorporate both skill and understanding of patients needs.

ELIGIBILITY / EDUCATION :

A large number of institutes in India offer diploma, graduate and postgraduate courses in nursing as well as midwifery courses.

B.Sc Nursing Eligibility : 10+2 with Biology, Physics and Chemistry.

B.Sc nursing course provide basic knowledge about nursing, first-aid and midwifery. They are trained in all the theoretical as well as practical aspects of nursing. 

M.Sc Nursing  Eligibility : B.Sc Nursing.

General Nursing & Midwifery (GNM) Eligibility : 10+2 with Biology, Physics and Chemistry.

GNM programme is to prepare general nurses who function as members of the health team, to hold first-level positions in both the hospitals and other such places. 

Auxiliary Nurse Midwife/ Health Worker (ANM) Eligibility : 10th 

ANM course provide training as to how to take care of health related needs of the people living in rural areas especially children, mothers and old persons.

JOB PROSPECTS :

The employment opportunities in this profession are available in government and private hospitals, nursing homes, sanitoriums, clinics, creches, schools, offices, factories, orphanages, old age homes etc.

Hospital Nursing : Hospital nurses form the largest group of nurses. Hospital nurses are usually assigned to any special area of work such as surgery, maternity, intensive care, pediatrics, obstetric, rehabilitative etc.

Community Health Nursing : Health worker work in government and private clinics and health departments in urban and rural areas to provide basic medical services to the local population. They instruct individuals, families and other groups in health education, disease prevention, nutrition and child care. They arrange for immunizations, blood pressure testing and other health screening.

Military Nursing : Provide health care services in armed forces. 

Educators : This field combines nursing with the teaching of students of nursing and administration of educational programmes. 

Industrial Nursing / Occupational Health Nursing : They work under the direction of the industrial physicians and assist in taking preventive safety measures. They provide emergency care at the time of accidents taking place inside the industrial premises.

Psychiatric Nursing : This nursing involves working with patients suffering from emotional and psychological distress. Nursing these patients requires devotion and patience. They generally work in coordination with the psychiatrists, doctors and other specialists. 

Pediatric Nursing : is concerned with the care of sick babies and children.

Orthopaedic Nursing : requires a knowledge of physiotherapy and rehabilitation.

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