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Ophthalmology

INTRODUCTION :

Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of the eye and visual system. An ophthalmologist is a medically trained doctor, who commonly acts as both physician and surgeon. Ophthalmologists examine, diagnose and treat diseases and injuries in and around the eye. They provide a full spectrum of care including routine eye exams, diagnosis and medical treatment of eye disorders and diseases, prescriptions for eye-glasses, surgery and management of eye problems that are caused by systemic illness.

An ophthalmologist is a professional who deals with the diseases and surgery of the visual pathways, including the eye and brain. The word ophthalmologist comes from the Greek roots ophthalmos meaning eye and logos meaning word, thought or discourse; ophthalmology literally means ‘the science of eyes’. 

Here it must be kept in mind that an ophthalmologist is the correct and competent person to consult when there is some problem with the eyes. Only an ophthalmologist can prescribe any medicine for eye ailment or can perform corrective surgeries.

ELIGIBILITY / EDUCATION :

To become a qualified ophthalmologist, one should complete his/her MBBS degree first, and then go for post-graduation in Ophthalmology. The degrees are Doctor of Medicine (M.D.), Master of Surgery (M.S.) and Diploma in Ophthalmic Medicine and Surgery (DOMS). The concurrent training and work experience is in the form of a Junior Residency at a Medical College under the supervision of experienced faculty what is known as internship. Further work experience in the form of fellowship, registrar or senior resident refines the skills of these eye surgeons.

JOB PROSPECTS :

Ophthalmologists have multiple career options. Central and state governments recruit ophthalmologists for hospitals run by them. Departmental hospitals run by Railways and Defence and hospitals run by PSU are also a good option available to ophthalmologists. However most of the ophthalmologists prefer private hospitals, nursing homes and clinics because of high pay packages. Experienced ophthalmologists also can start their own eye-clinics. Some of them also can work with NGOs, missionary hospitals and charitable hospitals. One can also join defense services - in army, air force or navy as ophthalmologist. 

Highly qualified and experienced ophthalmologists can work as faculty in government and private medical colleges. They also can involve themselves in research activities of organizations like ICMR. There is huge demand for Indian ophthalmologists in abroad particularly in USA, UK, Australia.

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