Diplomate of National Board, D.N.B., DNB India to be more specific, is a name/title given to Post Graduate Degree Courses and Post Doctorate Courses which provide curriculum based education pertaining to various medical disciplines. The term DNB doesn’t stand for a single medical course but it is General Title for the course.
DNB Super Specialties courses are at par with the post doctorate degrees awarded by other Indian Universities for all purposes including appointment to teaching posts as lecturer/Assistant Professor by the Government of India, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare; vide their notifications issued from time to time.
DNB holders are therefore eligible to be considered for specialist’s post/faculty in any Hospital including a training/teaching institution on a teaching post as faculty member. Though DNB is considered equivalent to DM/M.Ch, most of populace is not familiar with it as DNB is a few years old as compared to DM/M.Ch.
There are more than 149 recognized Medical Colleges, in addition to over 325 accredited institutions which impart DNB in various specialties and super specialties. There are 42 medical disciplines identified by the Board for which approved training courses are available as of 2011.
Diplomate of National Board is conducted by National Board of Examinations (NBE). National Board of Examinations is an autonomous body directly under the control of the Central Government. NBE was established in 1975 by the Government of India for improving the quality of the Medical Education by establishing high and uniform standards of postgraduate examinations in modern medicine on an all India basis.
The setting up of a National Body to conduct postgraduate medical examination was intended to provide a common standard and mechanism of evaluation of minimum level of attainment of the objective for which postgraduate courses were started in medical institutions.
The Medical Council of India (stands to be abolished as of 2011) has laid down standards for postdoctoral examinations conducted by various medical colleges and affiliated to concerned universities. During training NDB candidates perform clinical work, maintain records, and perform emergency duties and other required duties. They are posted by rotation at various places and are also required to participate in academic meetings, present cases, reviews, seminars etc. Their work, knowledge, and skills are in this way is periodically evaluated. DNB trainees are also provided stipend during training period.