DNB (Immunohematology and Transfusion Medicine)
Diplomate of National Board in Immunohematology and Transfusion Medicine
Diplomate of National Board, D.N.B., DNB India to be more specific, is a name/title given to Post Graduate Degree Courses and Post Doctoral Courses pertaining to various medical disciplines. The term DNB doesn’t stand for a single medical course but it is General Title for the course. There are separate courses for different medical fields which can be divided into Two Categories – DNB (Broad Specialities) and DNB (Super Specialities).
The Age limit to pursue a DNB (Broad Specialities) course is up to 50 years). The duration of the course is 3 years of training/part time (minimum 20 hrs per week in 3 years). During training DNB candidates perform clinical work, maintain records, and perform emergency duties and other required duties. They are posted by rotation at various places and are also required to participate in academic meetings, present cases, reviews, seminars etc. Their work, knowledge, and skills are in this way periodically evaluated. DNB trainees are also provided stipend during training period.
There are more than 149 recognized Medical Colleges, in addition to over 325 accredited institutions which impart DNB in various specialties and super specialties. There are 42 medical disciplines identified by the Board for which approved training courses are available as of 2011.
Diplomate of National Board is conducted by National Board of Examinations (NBE). National Board of Examinations is an autonomous body directly under the control of the Central Government. NBE was established in 1975 by the Government of India for improving the quality of the Medical Education by establishing high and uniform standards of postgraduate examinations in modern medicine on an all India basis.
The setting up of a National Body to conduct postgraduate medical examination was intended to provide a common standard and mechanism of evaluation of minimum level of attainment of the objective for which postgraduate courses were started in medical institutions. The Medical Council of India (stands to be abolished as of 2011) has laid down standards for postgraduate examinations conducted by various medical colleges and affiliated to concerned universities.
Diplomate in national board qualifications are at par with the postgraduate and post doctorate degrees awarded by other Indian Universities for all purposes including appointment to teaching posts as lecturer/Assistant Professor by the Government of India, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare; vide their notifications issued from time to time. DNB holders are therefore eligible to be considered for specialist’s post/faculty in any Hospital including a training/teaching institution on a teaching post as faculty member. Though DNB is considered equivalent to MD/MS, most of populace is not familiar with it as DNB is a few years old as compared to MD/MS. Most of the candidates who are unable to acquire any MD/MS seat join DNB.
DNB in Immunohematology and Transfusion Medicine Course Eligibility
Only those candidates who have passed MBBS, completed one-year internship and passed CET will be registered for DNB training in Broad Specialties.
Broad Specialties Entrance Examination – DNB CET-NBE. A candidate needs to clear the Centralised Entrance Test (CET- NBE) for entry to the DNB Broad Specialties. DNB CET is validity for 2 years.
A merit list based on performance of candidate out of 360 marks is published in order of merit subject to a minimum score of 50%, i.e. 180 out of 360 is a successful candidate.
Candidates declared pass in CET examinations have to register online to participate in the centralized counselling for admission to DNB courses conducted by the National Board of Examinations
The seats are allotted through the merit based centralized counselling wherein candidates can opt for a seat from the available seats on the basis of merit obtained by them in the examination. The candidates will be able to choose the subject in order of merit.
Candidates can appear for counselling in different subjects provided they have filled the application form and paid the fees for the subjects separately. If a candidate has accepted and paid fees for a seat in a particular subject and then opts for another seat, (in which a vacancy is created) his/her admission fees will be transferred for that subject.
DNB Eligibility / Qualifications in Detail :
Candidates who are in possession of Medical degrees from Foreign Universities and possess permanent registration certificate issued by the Medical Council of India/State Medical Council and have completed one year of internship on or before the last date of submission of the application form.
Candidates who are in possession of a Provisional Registration certificate issued by the Medical Council of India/State Medical Council and are likely to complete their one year of Internship before the last date of submission of the application form are also eligible to apply for the CET, subject to their submitting a certificate from the Head of the Hospital/Institution that they are likely to complete their one year of Internship on or before the examinations.
Provisional Documents: Submission of Internship Completion Certificate and Certificate of Permanent registration with MCI/SMC is an essential pre-requisite.