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M.S.(Master of Surgery)

Course Information

M.S.(Master of Surgery)

3 Years
Course Type

Post Graduation

Course Details

M.S. (Master of Surgery)

Master of Surgery (M.S.) is a Post Graduate Academic Course imparted in the medical field of Surgery. Surgery is a branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures. The duration of Masters in Surgery Course is 3 years, imparted in 6 Semesters, including the period of examination. If a student has completed a recognised Two Year Postgraduate Diploma Course in the same subject, the period of training, including the period of examination, shall be 2 years.

The candidates must qualify in the Examinations within 5 Years of the date of his/her admission. However, a candidate may be permitted to undergo a further period of study and training of minimum 6 months duration in a recognised Post-Graduate Department in the speciality in an Institution approved by Medical Council of India for every subsequent appearances up to a maximum of 2 Appearances.

The candidates will not be, however, permitted to appear for more than 7 attempts in the final examination and shall be discharged from the course if he/she fails to fulfil this provision. The candidates joining M.S. degree course are called Junior Residents in the Clinical Disciplines and Junior Demonstrators in Basic Clinical Disciplines. Surgical residents are trained in the principles of surgery and actually operate under supervision.

Master of Surgery provides a Doctor qualification in surgery. Upon successful completion of the course a doctors becomes a certified Surgeon. The course is not available under Distance mode of education as it is practical based. The Medical Council of India (MCI) is a statutory body with the responsibility of establishing and maintaining high standards of medical education and recognition of medical qualifications in India. It registers doctors to practice in India.


  • M.S. can be pursued by those candidates who have completed M.B.B.S. Course from a medical college recognised by Medical Council of India (MCI).
  • The candidate should have obtained full registration either from MCI or any of the state council after passing final MBBS examination and should have completed one year Internship.
  • Admission is strictly done on the basis of their academic merit. The minimum percentage of marks for eligibility for admission to course is Fifty Per Cent for General Category Candidates. It is Forty Per Cent for the candidate belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward classes.
  • Most state government-affiliated programs at the M.S. level accept 50% of students based on the national examination and 50% based on state examinations.
  • In addition, 50% of positions are also reserved in most states for physicians belonging to the economically underprivileged segments of Indian society as specified in the Indian Constitution.
  • The foreign nationals are required to send their applications routed through Diplomatic Channels. They are also required to appear in the Competitive Entrance Examination along with other regular candidates.
  • The foreign nationals will be considered against the seats advertised under the `Sponsored' category.

Some of the M.S. Entrance Examinations:



Number of Post Graduate Students to be admitted

  • The ratio of recognised Post Graduate teacher to number of students to be admitted for the course shall be 1:1 in each unit per year, to the extent that in no circumstances more than two students for degree shall be registered in a unit in one academic year. 
  • If the number of Post Graduate teachers in the unit is more than one then the number of students may be increased proportionately but not more than two in a unit per year in any circumstances.  For this purpose one student should associate with one Post Graduate teacher:  Provided that no Post Graduate seats left unfilled in an academic year, shall be carried forward to the next or subsequent academic years, being from 1st January to 31st December of any calendar year.

Training Programme

  • The training given with due care to the Post Graduate students in the recognised institutions for the award of M.S. shall determine the expertise of the specialist and / or medical teachers produced as a result of the educational programme during the period of stay in the institution.
  • All candidates joining the MS Training Programme shall work as full time residents during the period of training, attending not less than 80% (Eighty percent) of the training during each calendar year, and given full time responsibility, assignments and participation in all facets of the educational process.
  • The students of the institutions which are located in various States / Union Territories shall be paid remuneration at par with the remuneration being paid to the Post Graduate students of State Government medical institutions / Central Government Medical Institutions, in the State/Union Territory in which the institution is located. Similar procedure shall be followed in the matter of grant of leave to students.
  • Every institution undertaking the Post Graduate training programme shall set up an Academic cell or a curriculum committee, under the chairmanship of a senior faculty member, which shall work out the details of the training programme in each speciality in consultation with other department faculty staff and also coordinate and monitor the implementation of these training Programmes.
  • The training programmes shall be updated as and when required.  The structured training programme shall be written up and strictly followed, to enable the examiners to determine the training undergone by the candidates and the Medical Council of India inspectors to assess the same at the time of inspection.
  • Students shall maintain a record (log) book of the work carried out by them and the training programme undergone during the period of training including details of surgical operations assisted or done independently by candidates. The record books shall be checked and assessed by the faculty members imparting the training.
  • During the training for Degree to be awarded in clinical disciplines, there shall be proper training in basic medical sciences related to the disciplines concerned; during the training for the degree to be awarded in basic medical sciences, there shall be training in applied aspects of the subject; and there shall be training in allied subjects related to the disciplines concerned.  In all training programmes, both clinical and basic medical sciences, emphasis is to be laid on preventive and social aspects and emergency care facilities for autopsies, biopsies, cytopsies, endoscopic and imaging etc. also be made available for training purposes.
  • The students shall be required to participate in the teaching and training programme of undergraduate students and interns. In addition, the Head of the Department shall involve their Post-graduate Candidates in Seminars, Journal Clubs, Group Discussions and participation in clinical, clinico-pathological conferences.
  • Training in Medical Audit, Management, Health Economics, Health Information System, basics of statistics, exposure to human behaviour studies, knowledge of pharmaco – economics and introduction to non- linar mathematics shall be imparted to the students.

Re- Admission after Break of Study

  • Candidates having a break of study of 5 years and above from the date of admission and more than two spells of break will not be considered for re-admission.
  • The five years period of break of study shall be calculated from the date of first admission of the candidate to the course for the subsequent spells of break of studies.
  • A candidate having a break of study shall be re-admitted after satisfactory fulfilment of the regulations of the University at the commencement of an academic year only and shall undergo the full duration of the course with no exemption in the period of study and examinations (including already passed) and will be permitted to appear for the examinations as prescribed in the regulations.


  • Migration/transfer of students undergoing the course shall not be permitted by any university or any authority

Master of Surgery Subjects

Subjects vary depending upon one's chosen field of specialisation.

Master of Surgery Specialisations

  • Otorhinolaryngology.
  • General Surgery.
  • Ophthalmology.
  • Orthopaedics.
  • Obstetrics & Gynaecology.
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